Ive seen a lot of questions lately about resistance and how it affects battery life so Im reposting this article from another forum to hopefully clear up a couple of common misconceptions. This is the first time Ive ever done this so if its against the forum rules please let me know and I will delete it.
This is primarily aimed at those wishing to build their own coils on a variable voltage device. However, it's also relevant to those using variable wattage, or even for those wondering what resistance of pre-made coils to buy for a variable device.
Variable wattage is simply a way to avoid doing a bit of maths and having to adjust your voltage according to the resistance of your coils. It's a nice feature because it automates the process of getting the vape you want, but apart from that automation it doesn't offer any increase in performance over variable voltage, so let's ignore it for the purposes of this discussion and just talk about variable voltage.
Low resistance is important if you have a mech mod, and thus we see a lot of people on the forums looking to make low resistance coils. If you want to vape at higher power on a mech mod, you can only do so by lowering your resistance.
Let's assume that you're getting 4.2 volts from a new, fully charged battery. Working from Ohm's law, power is voltage squared divided by resistance. 4.2 squared is 17.64, so to get ten watts, you need a 1.764 ohm coil. If you want more than ten watts, you need to go lower, and as your battery performance deteriorates, you also need lower resistance. That's why if you have a mech mod and like a nice heavy vape, low resistance is the holy grail when building coils.
Speaking personally, I fell into this trap when looking at resistance for a VV device, and I think a lot of people do. I've since learned a bit more, and am now seeing things in an entirely different light, and I'm going to explain why.
If you have an Ego Twist, you can set your voltage up to 4.8 volts. To get ten watts from 4.8 volts, you need a 2.3 ohm coil. On a Vamo or a Provari, you can go up to 6 volts. That means you can get your ten watts from a 3.6 ohm coil.
Why would you want to do this? Well let's do some maths.
We talk about power, voltage and resistance quite a lot, but we don't see a lot of discussion of current. Current however, is what dictates your battery life.
Current is voltage divided by resistance. In our examples above, the current on your Ego Twist would be 2.087 amps. On the Vamo or Provari, it's 1.667 amps. So if you are using higher voltage and resistance to get your power, you are using less current.
Batteries are rated in milliamp hours. Let's say for instance you have an 800 mah battery. To get your battery life at a particular current, you divide the battery rating by the current to give you the time. In our example on the Ego Twist, you would get just under 23 minutes of holding the power switch down. On the Vamo or Provari however, you get just under 29 minutes. Hence we can see why lower current gives us longer battery life.
What this means is that, once we know what power we want to vape at, the higher the resistance we can get away with, the longer our batteries are going to last. Whilst lower resistance is the holy grail of mech mod vaping, on a variable device, higher resistance is better, as long as it's not so high that you can't get the power you want.
Sorry this is a long post, but I wanted to fully explore the reasoning behind my conclusion. I hope it helps others with a variable device to get an improved battery life.
Caveat: there is a whole bunch of stuff I've left out, such as device accuracy, pulse width modulation, etc, etc, but the general principle of longer battery life from higher resistance coils at higher voltage holds true. Don't trust the figures and the readings you are getting from your equipment. Experiment until you get it right, but don't also assume that lower resistance is better, like I did.