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Thread: Extracting nicotine from tobacco

  1. #31
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    Yeah but... there's really no way to tell exactly how much nicotine is in whatever tobacco you buy. Tobacco is a natural product and therefore based on small variations in things like sunlight, available water, curing method, and fertilizer could vary wildly from one specimen to the next.

    As far as i can tell, the only way to dose your home-made fluid with nicotine effectively would be to extract pure nicotine crystal, measure with digital scale, and dilute in the appropriate amount of water/pg or vg.
    The problem with this is, until you get the nicotine crystal dissolved in the appropriate amount of water, you're in great danger because you're dealing with an extremely concentrated, extremely deadly poison.

  2. #32
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    I don't care so much about the exact concentration, as long as it gives an effective vaping experience.

    My thought:
    Decant the final volume into a ladle, boil almost dry (burner/gasflame) and reconstitute in 80% PG/VG. Filter at least once (a microfuge would be very useful here).

  3. #33
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    Quote Originally Posted by Denni View Post

    Stockpile the xx-strong liquid while you can!
    UH - I think Nic juice has a shelf life and unless properly stored - Looses it's potency also - Not positive on this - Maybe someone else can chime in hear. Because if I am wrong it is a GOOD Idea - Give me a Gallon -

  4. #34
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    I think the juice lasts for a year or so.

    BTW, I'm out of the country (and off the forum) until late January

  5. #35
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    Lightbulb has anyone tried this?

    I did a google search for nicotine extract and came across this thread in another forum. Found it interesting. I am wondering if anyone here has tried it yet.

    Psychonaut - Nicotine extraction

    the last post is the one that caught my interest.
    Last edited by nicowolf; 12-01-2008 at 10:29 PM. Reason: to add info for clarity

  6. #36
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    anyone who has tried that has died. (joke)
    posted that before, sounds too deadly for me. get a drop of that on your skin and you're a gonner 4real !

  7. #37
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    Default Newbie Question

    This nicotine extraction thing is a new concept to me so I have a question. I have done a lot of research but none of them have detailed whether the carcinogens are removed from the liquid nicotine? Are they cooked out or not?

  8. #38
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    Supposedly, if it is pure nicotine there are no carcinogens so despite speculation concerning the possibility of carcinogens being produced by vaporizing e-liquid due to impurities, flavoring or other additives most people conclude that at least the majority of the carcinogens found in tobacco products are probably not present.

    For extracting nicotine from tobacco, again see:

    Sciencemadness Discussion Board

    AND for cheep bulk tobacco:

    http://tobaccotalk.itgo.com

    A couple of ideas. Consider getting a nylon fine mesh straining bag at a brew shop. I actually have a beekeeper's screen here which has worked just as well for home brewing. Pour the liquid and powdered tobacco that you've been brewing into the straining bag and squeeze as much of the juice out of it as you can. As I recall, what I did was to suspend the straining bag over the stockpot and after the initial straining I poured a volume of boiling water over the filtrate, stirring the leaf particles to expose the maximum surface area to the leaching process, before squeezing out as much of the liquid as I could and then filtering and condensing. I highly recommend brewing and condensing it outdoors over a hot plate because the evaporating steam will stain your walls if I am not mistaken. Also, you should use a stainless steel or enameled pot, not aluminum which is reactive. You might try progressively filtering the remaining liquid with steel wool or cotton balls in a plastic funnel and finally filter paper... a hand pumped or powered filter process would probably work best but I think a gravity filtration is plausible and I believe this is what I endeavored, with ordinary filter paper. Most of the gunk forms a sediment and since the majority of the nicotine is in solution it may be just as good an idea to let it settle and dump the last fraction. But be aware: "[Nicotine] is miscible with water, alcohol, ether, chloroform, and fatty oils, the solutions being strongly alkaline. Nicotine is heavier than water, and forms salts with acids, which do not easily crystallize."

    I'm not even sure of how necessary it is to get it very clean if you're going to extract with ether. While it would be most appropriate to follow some of the methodologies discussed in the first link (above) for purified yields, various forms of relatively purified extracts can be produced by a variety of more simplified methods. I'll quote from here:

    Isopropyl Alcohol for tobacco extraction??
    "Extraction with volatile solvents
    so im soak 50g of cherry pipe tobacco chop into powder in 500ml of water for 24 hours then filter and put 25ml of DIETHYLETHER, shake sometimes for another 24 hours then gently separate the upper layer, evaporate the DIETHYLETHER and get around 500mg yellow substance witch have identical smell and after mixing with 50ml of VG identical taste of the cherry tobacco when u smoke it..."

    Any chemists want to comment on what this is going to produce if not employing an acid/base extraction method? Again, it has been suggested that this can be accomplished by simply adding drops of battery acid (dilute sulfuric acid) during the water extraction and then basifying with ordinary powdered lime before washing with ether.

    [From: Black Leaf 40, an environmentally safe and biodegradable agricultural insecticide used around the world, is 40 percent nicotine sulfate. Farmers have been using nicotine sulfate insecticide since the early 1800s. To make it, all you do is boil tobacco leaves in water with a little sulfuric acid (the same acid as in a car battery). If you mix the resultant nicotine sulfate extract with a common alkali such as lime, then add a solvent such as ether, pure nicotine alkaloid - or free-base "crack" nicotine - will float to the top dissolved in the solvent.]

    I honestly don't think any extract that isn't washed with a solvent is going to produce anything you want near your vaporizer because of all the tar.

    TB, wondering if your attempt at refluxing wouldn't benefit from a more elaborate setup. There is a description of a refluxing and soxhleting extractor made from pots and pans around here somewhere.

    If you're boiling solvents you need to do the whole thing in a water bath so you have a tub with wooden spacers that the contraption sits in. Also because of the plastic bag you're going to need to use this double boiler method to avoid melting the plastic unless you can think of something better. The contraption is a large stew pot (steam canner) with the lid inverted as you've suggested, but it is covered in a piece of plastic garbage bag and secured with rubber bands to keep the vapor in and the ice cubes are piled on top of that. Your tobacco and solvent or water is not put directly in the stew pot because the condensing surface area (the ice cooled lid) must be larger than the surface area of the boiling solution which is instead contained in a stainless steel pot set in the bottom of the stew pot. Variations include placing a metal strainer over the stew pot containing the previously refluxed soaked material and "soxhleting" to perform a thorough extraction, and in the case of extraction with solvents a collecting pan is placed in the metal strainer to recollect the solvent and to separate it from the collected oils.

    While this might be a particularly efficient method, I personally don't see where this would be a particularly desirable method of extraction in that it is so elaborate. A simple water based infusion extraction used as the starting point should yield sufficient results if done correctly.

    When I attempted this I did not proceed past the ether extraction step but this is what I observed: The nicotine becomes suspended in the fatty ether/emulsion layer and through repeated agitation over a 24 hour period is gradually eluted by the petroleum ether. When allowed to sit, what appears to be liquid nicotine occurs as a clear or yellowish oily layer suspended above the clear ether. Because of the relatively small volume of the final yield, actually working with larger quantities may be easier than smaller ones. In my case I believe I had started with at least 16 ounces of tobacco. Depending on the volumes worked with, this layer of liquid nicotine may be somewhat thin, but by tipping the bottle at an angle a deeper pool was observed against the side of the jug. One should be able to siphon this off using a pipette and evaporate any remaining ether from that. Finally, one would want to recapture and recycle the remaining ether. Here's another method of separating the ether/oil layer from the ether/emulsion layer and the water, tar and resins that are not soluble in petroleum ether (if you don't have a separatory funnel). Use a cork and simply tip the bottle upside down and extract the cork just enough to capture the water and emulsion layers as they flow into a collecting pot, quickly reinserting the cork so you don't lose much of the ether... (of course you're wearing rubber gloves). Or you can use a rubber stopper with two holes and glass tubes in the top of a gallon jug. One glass tube penetrates just to the bottom of the ether layer and the other just enters into the atmosphere of the bottle and rubber tubing is inserted over the two glass tubes that protrude from the stopper. Blowing into the short tube will cause the ether solution to flow through the other tube and into a collecting jar, so it's just like siphoning gas without a mouthful of something potentially lethal.

    Here's some interesting clarification:

    From: The Smoker's Club, Inc. Encyclopedia 16

    "Nicotine" is a chemical component of many related compounds, such as nicotine citrate, nicotine sulfate, nicotine malate, nicotine oxide (cotinine) and nicotinic acid (vitamin B3, niacin). Pure, free base, nicotine is a deadly poison, an addictive drug and also a good explosive.

    Freebase nicotine is highly poisonous and is sometimes used as an insecticide. It makes a good insecticide because it only lasts about half an hour in the environment, being so unstable in the presence of air. In very small amounts, freebase nicotine can be injected into a person's bloodstream and has an effect almost identical to ........

    When you burn tobacco, you don't get any freebase nicotine. What you get is an assortment of harmless, stable chemicals that result from the oxidation of nicotine. Visit a drug store and read the ingredients of "nicotine" gum, lozenges and patches. You will find that most of them contain no nicotine, but rather nicotine sulfate or nicotine oxide, or even good old vitamin B3 (nicotinic acid)."

    Also: Cotinine is the primary nicotine based chemical absorbed when smoking a cigarette there is no actual nicotine as it boils off when the tobacco burns. Cotinine is produced when the tobacco is heated as nicotine has a much lower boiling point than water you will produce plenty of that when making the tea.

    Nicotine is water soluble (miscible) and has a boiling point of 247* C - much higher than water. Therefore, you should be able to steep tobacco in water, strain out the plant matter, and boil most of the water off the tea. This should leave you with a crude nicotine extract, along with a few other things.

    See: How to Grow Tobacco ::

    "Here are the 2 most commonly used nicotine extraction methods although neither is safe to do outside of a laboratory environment & neither gives you the required forms of nicotine. You would still have to convert it to nicotine polacrilex or cotinine."

    While I'm no expert, I'm guessing that a simple aqueous extract of nicotine solution that was extracted in ether as Izx appears to have done with his cherry pipe tobacco should produce a product that, while impure, is still smokable, flavorful and satisfying.

    I would start with some known premises regarding the ratios of the final mixture by estimating maximum potential yields of any nicotine. Thus, 50 grams of tobacco is equal to about 4 packs of cigarettes or an estimable maximum 80 milligrams of potential nicotine yield. Combine the product with the other ingredients in the indicated proportions to produce a total fluid volume with the desired strength per milliliter (if feasible). So much for theoretical considerations. From a practical viewpoint: if Blackleaf 40 is given as 40% nicotine (and we assume we have produced a comparable solution with the concentrated aqueous infusion) then further refinement with a solvent extraction should yield a product with a very high percentage of nicotine content. If we yielded 500 milligrams of the resulting compound as Izx has reported, then this would reasonably become a component of a total volume of 20 milliliters of vaporizing liquid with a target potency of approximately 25 mg/ml of nicotine. The actual truth may lie somewhere in between these estimates and the results Izx obtained may be subject to various interpretations.

    Also see: Tabacum (U. S. P.)?Tobacco. | Henriette's Herbal Homepage

    Nicotine may be obtained by adding to a concentrated tobacco extract, solution of caustic soda or lime, distilling with steam, extracting the distillate with ether, and carefully evaporating the solvent. (For another method, that of Schloesing, see this Dispensatory, preceding edition.) R. Kissling (Fresenius' Zeitschrift f. Analyt. Chem., 1882, pp. 64-90) assays tobacco by agitating 20 grammes, in powder form, with alcoholic caustic soda, exhausting the mixture with ether, carefully distilling off the greater part of the solvent, adding diluted caustic soda to the residue, distilling off the nicotine with steam, and titrating each 100 Cc. of the distillate with volumetric sulphuric acid solution, using rosolic acid for indicator. (For other methods, see Archiv der Pharm., 1893, p. 658; and Jour. Amer. Chem. Soc. Proc., 1899, p. 32.)
    Last edited by jbbishop; 03-04-2009 at 10:24 AM.

  9. #39
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    See this useful discussion of solvents and extraction methods here:

    Isopropyl Alcohol for tobacco extraction??

    I had been attempting to find a source which cited the actual nicotine content of cigarettes. According to this source, a smoker may ingest between say 1 and 2 mg. of nicotine from smoking a single cigarette, but each cigarette can actually contain up to 7-24mg. of nicotine:

    http://books.google.com/books?id=G0H...sult#PPA504,M1

    The fact sheets for purified nicotine make it clear that a person needs a HAZMAT suit to handle it so take every precaution.

    Quote Originally Posted by Letzin Hale View Post
    I'm not here to call for censorship or to lecture those amateur chemists who are obsessed with finding the 'holy grail' of nicotine.
    Just to say, holding an open 100ml bottle of pure nicotine in your hands is not the most comfortable feeling, even in strict laboratory conditions.
    Playing with it at home is potentially lethal to yourself and others as you don't just have to drink it or spill it on your skin to be poisoned.
    If you have an accident, make sure you've read the checklist below and made suitable emergency preparations, or funeral arrangements.
    You can buy pure nicotine, but I will not tell you where or how, leave it to the chemists.

    * In case of contamination, wash skin by flooding with water and scrubbing vigorously with soap.
    * Emesis - patient may already be vomitting. Emesis is not advisable because it may be dangerous. If possible, give activated charcoal orally to adsorb any remaining nicotine. Administer charcoal slurry, aqueous or mixed with saline cathartic or sorbitol. The FDA suggests 240 ml of diluent/30 g of charcoal. Usual charcoal dose is 30 to 100 g in adults and 15-30 g in children (1-2 g/kg in infants).
    * Administer one dose of a cathartic, mixed with charcoal or given separately.
    * Gastric lavage - may be indicated if performed soon after ingestion, or in patients who are comatose or at risk of convulsing. Protect airway by placement in Trendelenburg and left lateral decubitus position or by cuffed endotracheal intuba tion. Use tap water containing activated charcoal, if available.
    * After control of any seizures present, perform gastric lavage. Volume of lavage return should approximate fluid given.
    * Initiate artificial respiration using oxygen, is available.

    Specific Drugs and Antidotes

    * Mecamylamine is a specific antagonist of nicotine actions; however since it is only available in tablets, therefore it is not suitable for a patient who is vomiting, convulsive or hypotensive.
    * either give atropine sulphate, (adult 0.4-2 mg; child 0.01 mg/kg, not to exceed 0.4 mg per dose) i.m. or i.v. and repeat every 3-8 min. until signs of parasympathetic toxicity are controlled. Repeat atropine frequently to maintain control o f symptoms. As much as 12 mg of atropine has been given safely in the first 2 hours in adult. Ensure proper oxygenation to avoid arrythmias associated with hypoxia. Interruption of atropine therapy may be rapidly followed by fatal pulmonary edema or respiratory failure.
    * or give phentolamine 1-5 mg i.m. or i.v. to control signs of sympathetic hyperactivity, such as hypertension.

    General Measures

    * Control convulsions: Administer diazepam i.v. bolus (adult, 5-10 mg initially which may be repeated every 15 minutes PRN up to 30 mg; child, 0.25-0.4 mg/kg dose up to 10 mg/dose) or lorazepam i.v. bolus (adult, 4-8 mg; child, 0.05-0.1 mg/kg).
    * Do not administer antacids since nicotine is better absorbed in an alkaline media.
    * Monitor ECG and vital signs carefully.

    Chronic Poisoning
    Remove from further exposure to dust or smoke. Prognosis
    Survival for more than 4 hours is usually followed by complete recovery.
    Last edited by jbbishop; 03-15-2009 at 03:38 PM.

  10. #40
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    So just out of curiosity, if you were able to get Nicotine Sulfate in 40% solution would you need to remove the sulfate first before any other processing. This whole idea scares me but I'm curious as to what can be done with Pure Nicotine Sulfate.

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