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Health Effects of Smokeless Tobacco Products

Discussion in 'Smokeless tobacco' started by Bagazo, Mar 30, 2010.

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  1. Bagazo

    Bagazo Senior Member ECF Veteran

    Feb 19, 2009
    Just had a look through this document:

    http://ec.europa.eu/health/ph_risk/committees/04_scenihr/docs/scenihr_o_009.pdf

    One of the things that made me do a double take was this found on page 56:

    "The average snus user will be exposed to about 6 times more TSNA than the average smoker."

    Another thing that makes me think twice about smokeless tobacco is this found on wikipedia:

    N-Nitrosonornicotine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    "Some of the NNN present in the saliva of tobacco users is produced endogenously from nitrite in saliva and tobacco alkaloids including nicotine."

    Now I'm not anti-snus or anti-tobacco or anti-anything really: I think that a person is free to do as he or she thinks fit but having a bit more info to make that decision is nice.
     
  2. Tugger

    Tugger Senior Member ECF Veteran

    Apr 17, 2009
    Snus has been studied to death. The Swedish government did an exhaustive study where they showed that in a group of 280,000 snus users, mortality was not adversely affected. From everything I've seen, snus and NRT are the only options with strong epidemiological evidence that they are relatively benign. The evidence is actually stronger for snus, since it's been around a long time and they've been able to track a large population of users throughout their lifetimes.
     
  3. Dredbull

    Dredbull Ultra Member ECF Veteran

    yes yes great for the cause blah blah.. we have read these we understand it is not totaly safe but it is damned site safe than dip and smoking.
     
  4. TWISTED VICTOR

    TWISTED VICTOR Vaping Master ECF Veteran

    Sep 14, 2009
    The edge of Mayhem
    Ah, interesting. I'll be giving this a good read for sure. I did notice it shows an exclusion to Swedish snus:

    "All STP cause localised oral
    lesions and a high risk for development of oral cancer has been shown for various STP
    but has not been proven for Swedish moist snuff (snus).
    "

    In my brief overview it appears to be aim at fermented tobacco. I'll sure read it, though.

    Something else that requires more study. Up in the air, so far. DVap or Madame Psychosis are much better suited here.
     
  5. Bagazo

    Bagazo Senior Member ECF Veteran

    Feb 19, 2009
    The question that comes to my mind is that if snus users are getting 6 times more exposure to TSNAs and the years of use shows that mortality was not adversely affected by that amount of TSNAs then maybe TSNA content is not indicative of how safe or dangerous a tobacco product is.
     
  6. TWISTED VICTOR

    TWISTED VICTOR Vaping Master ECF Veteran

    Sep 14, 2009
    The edge of Mayhem
    It's a fair post all. But I think it only points toward fermented smokeless. Here's a good study by the folks who started the whole anti movement back in the '60s. Note that they're only interested in the facts and truly have no political agenda.

    http://www.rcplondon.ac.uk/pubs/contents/4fc74817-64c5-4105-951e-38239b09c5db.pdf

    The safety margin is pretty well documented in a variety of other studies, also.
     
  7. TWISTED VICTOR

    TWISTED VICTOR Vaping Master ECF Veteran

    Sep 14, 2009
    The edge of Mayhem

    That's something to consider. "NA"'s (nitrosamines) exists in so many things, food, environment and all. The "TS" (tobacco specific) is what scares everybody for some reason. We can eat a potato with much higher amounts of NA than tobacco, but don't flinch. Throw that TS in front of it and it becomes evil. Nitrosamines are carcinogenic, but so are a lot of other things in everyone's daily lives. The bottom line is how much can our individual bodies handle, regardless of the source?
     
  8. Bagazo

    Bagazo Senior Member ECF Veteran

    Feb 19, 2009
    http://cro.sagepub.com/cgi/reprint/15/5/252.pdf

    on page 7 of this document there is a table showing total TSNA levels for different tobacco products. One of the things that surprised me was that two chewing tobaccos had lower total TSNA than the swidish snus and that all four were below the 5ppm standard set by SwedishMatch.

    Another thing was that the four dry Snuffs tested where actually rather high (although in the text of the document it states that the 2 really high numbers were retested and the new test gave 6.0 and10.0 ppm) still all above the snus standard but I have read on some snuff boards that snuff also has a 200 year track record with only one death being recorded as a possible result of snuff use (sorry don't have that source right now but will look).
     
  9. Dredbull

    Dredbull Ultra Member ECF Veteran

    Sorry there is NO WAY! fermented american style dip is better than snus.

    Going by TSNA is not the only answer american dip also has a crap ton of other nasty stuff in it to hook the good old dipper.
    Please do not put yourself out on the research I personally do not give 2 craps about studies, I would rather take the first hand experience and knowledge of friends who have dipped and have oral cancer.
     
  10. dgriego

    dgriego Ultra Member ECF Veteran

    Dec 8, 2009
    New Mexico
    I appreciate the post and will read the studies but I doubt it will have much effect on my choices. For me it is snuff or smoke and just from a financial aspect snuff is way cheaper. smoking a pack and a half a day would cost me about 9$ a day, the snuff I use is pennies a day.

    I do wonder if some of the snuffs that are fermented have higher levels than the rest. As far as I know certain snuffs are made with fermented tobacco. I think Schmalzlers are for sure.
     
  11. firechick

    firechick Ultra Member Verified Member ECF Veteran

    Jun 24, 2009
    Upstate New York

    I may be off the mark here, but it looks like the TSNA's in the 1,000+ range (chart on pg 7) are for Bruton and Red Seal. The Scotch was 65. These are for snuff, Dred. The snus numbers are way lower than American.
     
  12. Bagazo

    Bagazo Senior Member ECF Veteran

    Feb 19, 2009
    Right Dred "going by TSNA" is not the only answer but even Swedish Match seems to focus on the fact that it is their low TSNA numbers that makes them safer.
     
  13. exogenesis

    exogenesis Super Member ECF Veteran

    Mar 1, 2009
    UK
    Are you're mixing up nitrosamine levels and heavy metal levels in potato ?

    e.g. you get twice the cadmium from daily intake of potato than you do from snus,
    and twice the lead from general vegatables than snus.

    That was in the thread about 'Snus for WTA' in the post:
    http://www.e-cigarette-forum.com/forum/nicotine/56344-snus-wta-6.html#post1016408

    Reckon generally cigarettes > dip > snuf > snus for TSNAs (except those exceptional snuffs at 1000+)


    Apparently average nitrite in adult saliva is 7ppm, so presumably the NNN in snus could
    rocket in the mouth, but the linked article said:

    I say it's likely it's a slower reaction than might be thought
    (I've seen that it takes several reaction stages,
    from looking at that laughable claim with the nitrites from exhaust fumes
    causing tertiary smoke carcinogens on clothing & furniture from smokers),
    & where's this thiocyanate coming from ?,
    so the actual NNN increase could well be not great, if any.

    I think it's a bit speculative

    I would need to see proof of salivary NNN changes in actual snus useage before I jumped on this bandwagon :)
     
  14. Bagazo

    Bagazo Senior Member ECF Veteran

    Feb 19, 2009
  15. W Axl Rose

    W Axl Rose Ultra Member ECF Veteran

    Mar 27, 2009
    Iowa
    Does this mean that I am going to die nomatter what I do?? Dammit...
     
  16. TWISTED VICTOR

    TWISTED VICTOR Vaping Master ECF Veteran

    Sep 14, 2009
    The edge of Mayhem
    Yeah, don't know why I keep thinking I can remember things :confused:. Anyway, thanks for the input. You're much more suited for these waters. I knew someday you'd come in handy.......:D.

    I'm on mass quantities of vitamin N. So far it's working ;).
     
  17. TWISTED VICTOR

    TWISTED VICTOR Vaping Master ECF Veteran

    Sep 14, 2009
    The edge of Mayhem
    And stop lookin' at me like that exo...........
     
  18. exogenesis

    exogenesis Super Member ECF Veteran

    Mar 1, 2009
    UK
    I think that last NRT article raised more questions than answered wrt NNN Bagazo.
    It's food for thought though - no smoke without fire - unless someone lights it with accelerant

    (that was supposed to be a oblique reference to the anti's who tend to be the authors of scary tobacco/nicotine 'research result' papers)


    What do I look like, TV ?
     
  19. TWISTED VICTOR

    TWISTED VICTOR Vaping Master ECF Veteran

    Sep 14, 2009
    The edge of Mayhem
    Now stop that. My shy-bladder syndrome is on overload 8-o!
     
  20. W Axl Rose

    W Axl Rose Ultra Member ECF Veteran

    Mar 27, 2009
    Iowa
    I googled thiocyanate and from what I could tell it is something used in pesticides. So...apparently eating/drinking pesticides while snussing may give one cancer. Someone smarter than me please explain what that article actually means. Exo, you seem pretty knowledgable...
     
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